Menlo Park Fire Protection District investigators concluded that a pinched electrical stove cord in the kitchen sparked the blaze. Based on heavy charring, they said it appeared the fire burned for some time before a neighbor saw smoke around 4 a.m. on Sept. 13. The school, a private nonprofit K-8 facility at 50 Terminal Ave. in Menlo Park, sits nestled between houses and the city's Onetta Harris Community Center, making some uneasy at the thought of what could have happened if the fire escaped campus.
The school had focused on daytime fires. The portable classrooms have two exits, although some have windows covered with a wire mesh that cannot be opened from the inside. The facilities do meet the requirements for fire safety established by state code, and two years of stellar inspection reports agreed.
Mr. Laurance said that the kids know how to react when the fire alarm goes off; the school runs regular drills, the last in August.
Even with practice, however, will young children in a smoke-filled classroom respond the same way as during a drill?
Fire Marshal Geoff Aus shook his head when the Almanac asked. "There's a panic effect."
Day or night, minutes count in emergency response, and getting there sooner rather than later because of a monitored alarm that directly signals dispatch can save both lives and property, according to the fire district.
Schools tend to prioritize pouring resources into the classroom — better books, better computers, better facilities — after ensuring they meet safety code requirements. Given the $400,000 worth of damage now facing Beechwood School, however, the question arises of what that investment is worth when it burns down.
"That fire was burning for hours," Fire Chief Harold Schapelhouman said, before anyone noticed and called it in. With a monitored alarm — "We could have gotten there in minutes."
Yet state law doesn't require monitored fire alarms or sprinklers in portable classrooms like the ones that Beechwood has used since 1986, despite long-standing efforts by both the fire district and former State Assemblyman Ted Lempert.
"This was the second portable school building fire in the last year that we've had in Menlo Park," Chief Schapelhouman said. "These structures were meant to be temporary, but often get left in place for decades and are allotted exemptions under the fire code since they are not considered permanent buildings."
Beechwood does have a monitored burglar alarm, however. Asked if that was installed after a break-in last year, Mr. Laurance said, "We've always had a burglar alarm."
Adding a fire alarm to that may be a minimal cost. "You don't have something like this happen and not reconsider. If we think it's feasible, we're going to look at how we can budget it."
The fire district's efforts may leave some schools asking, "When is enough enough?"
A public records request by the Almanac pointed to a clash between Menlo-Atherton High School, which recently unveiled the latest phase of its piecemeal multi-million dollar renovation, and the fire district.
According to the district, should a blaze break out in Pride Hall, firefighters would have to haul hoses 500 feet to connect to a water supply. A pipe system dating back to the 1950s collapsed during a test this summer, leaving trucks without a close water supply. The system remains non-functional — a situation which the fire district feels leaves the school out of compliance with the law.
The school, however, does have a state-of-the-art monitored fire detection system, along with a recently installed fire hydrant near Pride Hall, according to Principal Matt Zito.
"Our system is 100 percent working, it covers 100 percent of campus, and we still have a full system of fire hydrants on campus plus a new high-pressure water system that can pump more water than anyone could ever use," he said.
Despite the debate over whether that wing of the school meets safety requirements, Mr. Zito said Menlo-Atherton will be installing an improved pipe system during the next several months.
"I look at it as an added layer of protection. Truly, we don't feel that we're out of compliance, but it gives us an extra layer."
Adding that layer will cost the school $150,000 to $200,000, on top of what Mr. Zito estimated to be $1 million already spent on the monitored detection and sprinkler system. "What happened at Beechwood School — that's very unlikely here. Mot to say there couldn't be a fire on campus, but 90 seconds later we would have fire trucks pulling in."
Ring the bell
Schools without the financial resources of Menlo-Atherton would have trouble affording those state-of-the-art systems even if they do decide to make installation a priority.
That's where Virginia Chang Kiraly hopes the new "Ring the Bell Fund" will make a difference. She raised the issue of non-monitored alarms while successfully campaigning for the fire district board of directors last year.
"(Beechwood) was the second school fire in the Belle Haven neighborhood in 13 months, the last being at Belle Haven Elementary School last August," Ms. Kiraly said. Now she and her husband Ken are establishing a nonprofit "to help raise funds and awareness of the importance of having monitored fire alarm infrastructure in place to ensure the safety of our children, schools, and neighborhoods, especially in low-income neighborhoods. "
Although the fund is independent of the fire district, Ms. Kiraly said an informational booth will be at the annual pancake breakfast sponsored by the Junior League and the district on Saturday, Oct 6.
Predictable = preventable
"If there's one thing I know, it's that schools burn," Chief Schapelhouman said as he gazed at a list of nearly 20 local school fires. "And if it's predictable, it's preventable."
Fire Marshal Aus looked rueful as he agreed. He saw his own high school burn.