News


World War II vet honored for heroism after 66 years

 

Click on photos to enlarge and see captions.

By Renee Batti

Almanac Staff Writer

It was Carl Clark's jacket that the U.S. secretary of the Navy pinned the commendation medal on, but Mr. Clark told the hundreds of well-wishers at the Jan. 17 ceremony recognizing his World War II heroism that he was accepting the honor on behalf of all the military men who fought bravely for their country but, because they were black like him, "got very little recognition for what they did."

The award, the Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal with the Combat Distinguishing Device, was a "long, long overdue recognition" of Mr. Clark's heroism aboard the USS Aaron Ward in May 1945, when the ship was hit by six kamikaze planes, said Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus, who flew in to Moffett Field for the ceremony in Moffett's Hangar 651.

In presenting the medal, Secretary Mabus acknowledged the military's record of racism that prevented people like Mr. Clark from being honored for valor. He spoke of African Americans who "risked their lives for their nation," fighting for American ideals and the promise of justice that the country hadn't fulfilled for them.

Mr. Clark's actions, he said, exemplify "a standard of conduct we should all aspire to." He noted that Mr. Clark has said he doesn't consider himself a hero. "But we do," the secretary said, the audience erupting in applause.

Mr. Clark's actions that day and into the night "played an undeniably significant role" in saving the ship and the lives of countless sailors, said Congresswoman Anna Eshoo, D-Menlo Park, who hosted the event. For two years, Ms. Eshoo worked to secure official military recognition for Mr. Clark, 95, a resident Menlo Park.

The ceremony was attended by family members who came from all over the state and country, by a multitude of friends, by Mr. Clark's fellow members of St. Francis of Assisi Church in East Palo Alto, and by people who had never met Mr. Clark, but were touched by his story of heroism and the injustice that delayed his recognition for 66 years.

As a military band played the national anthem and military passages ushering in Secretary Mabus and Rep. Eshoo, family members quietly wept. And when Mr. Clark slowly walked into the spacious hall aided by a cane, applause and whistles broke out, then morphed into a hand-clapping processional chant: Carl, Carl, Carl.

Also in the audience, tears streaming down her cheeks, was "life stories" writing instructor Sheila Dunec. It was Ms. Dunec who went to Rep. Eshoo with Carl Clark's story, which the veteran shared in 2000 during a World War II life stories course Ms. Dunec conducted at the Menlo Park Library. Originally a writing course, it evolved into a project that included oral presentations, a video and, several years ago, a staged event.

Mr. Clark told the crowd that "this never would have happened" if it hadn't been for Ms. Dunec. He thanked her and Rep. Eshoo, who "brought this honor to a conclusion."

Acknowledging other blacks in the military who were never recognized for their service, he noted: "We were loyal Americans and tried to do our part."

Secretary Mabus described Mr. Clark's heroism aboard the Aaron Ward, but also his life after he returned to his country, stationed for a time at Moffett, then working for the post office and involving himself with painting, writing and community. "He led a good and productive life," Mr. Mabus said.

Mr. Clark joined the Navy in the 1930s, when blacks could serve only as mess attendants -- essentially, officers' servants, he told the Almanac in an earlier interview.

On the Aaron Ward, he was part of an eight-man damage-control unit designated to put out fires and take on other urgent roles if the ship were attacked. On May 3, 1945, Mr. Clark sprang into action when his ship was hit by the kamikaze planes.

When the first signs of the attack were apparent, Mr. Clark recalled, the seven other men in the unit huddled in one area of the deck, yards away from him. When the first plane hit, all seven men were killed. Mr. Clark was flung up against an overhead structure, breaking his collarbone; his helmet and shoes were blown off his body.

When the second plane neared the ship, Mr. Clark could see the pilot's face. Then, the plane hit, and "blew me right across the ship," he said.

With the rest of the damage-control team gone, Mr. Clark ignored his injuries and began an hours-long effort to extinguish fires -- including one that broke out in the ammunition locker, threatening to blow up the ship -- and to help his surviving shipmates. Although the fire hoses were meant to be handled by at least two men, he often manned them by himself. Without treatment for his own injuries, he worked through the night single-handedly carrying the injured to the medic ward, he said.

Although the ship's captain told Mr. Clark he would make every effort to have him awarded for his heroism, those efforts were unsuccessful. But that injustice ended with the Jan. 17 awards ceremony.

The country Mr. Clark defended didn't live up to its responsibility to him, "but today, we correct that omission," Secretary Mabus said.

The ceremony was attended by Mr. Clark's only living child, Karen Collins of Portland. His son died several years ago.

Mr. Clark's two surviving siblings also were there: Korea Strower, 93, of Washington, D.C., and Katherine Fletcher, 91, of Omaha. They and numerous cousins, nieces and nephews filled the first rows of the audience.

Also in attendance was Faye Lavrakas and Joanna Lavrakas, niece and sister-in-law, respectively, of retired Navy Captain Lefteris "Lefty" Lavrakas. Although Capt. Lavrakas died last August, before knowing that Mr. Clark's medal was approved, it was his testimony, as one of the last surviving officers of the Aaron Ward, that appears to have finalized the approval.

In a November 2010 letter to Secretary Mabus, Rep. Eshoo referred to Capt. Lavrakas' statement about expediting the award: "Please hurry up, Carl and I are both in our 90s and we need to correct this injustice for Carl."

After the ceremony, people streamed to the platform to photograph and shake hands with Mr. Clark. Secretary Mabus and Rep. Eshoo also were swarmed by media and others attending the event.

Among those who struggled through the mass of people on the platform to meet Mr. Clark was Leslie A. Williams, 92, of Belmont. It was a poignant moment when the two retired, uniformed military men were introduced -- the U.S. Navy hero warmly shook hands with the veteran of the Tuskegee Airmen, the first all-black group of military pilots who served during World War II.

Comments

Like this comment
Posted by Gene
a resident of Menlo Park: Sharon Heights
on Jan 18, 2012 at 8:48 am

Here's to the many unsung African, Asian American and many other heroes of WWII like Chief Clark who service and acts of heroism were largely ignored. And if you don't believe this, go out and see "Red Tails" this weekend.


Like this comment
Posted by thank you
a resident of Menlo Park: Downtown
on Jan 18, 2012 at 10:16 am

Thank you for your service, Mr. Clark.


Like this comment
Posted by No name gien
a resident of Menlo Park: other
on Jan 18, 2012 at 12:04 pm

Why did it take over 60 years for Secretary Mabus and Rep. Eshoo to finally give recognition? I think it is very sad.

Dear God bless this nation and the leaders before Obama's time.
Please make the people stop in DC. It should have taken place long
before Obama went into office. Dear God, help this country before
it turns into a "middle east" war. This is suppose to be America,
and not the "middle east". Lord, open blinded eyes when "Red Tails" is shown this weekend.


Like this comment
Posted by Danna
a resident of Portola Valley: other
on Jan 19, 2012 at 8:43 am

Thank you for this story. Thank you Mr. Clark. When I flew to the Obama inauguration members of the Tuskeegee airmen were on my flight. It was thrilling and such an honor to meet them.


Like this comment
Posted by Hank Lawrence
a resident of Menlo Park: Sharon Heights
on Jan 19, 2012 at 3:09 pm

There's a good film clip on Carl Clark on the CBS News web site. It starts at 18:48 and runs to 21:08.

To access the link click here

Web Link

Carl Clark is a great American Hero.


Like this comment
Posted by Thelma
a resident of Menlo-Atherton High School
on Jul 28, 2012 at 7:37 pm

I am a past residence of Redwood City- Redwood Shores and Mr Clark I truly commend you for your bravery and you did not see color just the love you have for your fellowmen. My brother who was in the Marines was somewhat like you before he was killed in the Vietnam war. I wish I had got a chance to know you but Thanks For All You Did. My mother in law maiden name is clark. Her dad originated from I think Kansas and they also help settle nicodemus Kansas are you perhaps a relative? My mother in law's aunt was Berniece Clark and she was a member of the same church as you. my e mail is dynasty779@gmx.com

May God Forever Bless You


Like this comment
Posted by Larry A. Moore
a resident of Menlo Park: Belle Haven
on Mar 24, 2017 at 10:26 am

I knew Mr. Carl Clark personally & attended a lot of his Birthday
celebrations.Mr. Clark a friend by the name of Darryl Clewis & myself
would meet at Mr. Clark's house & play dominoes...A great man RIP*


Posted by Name hidden
a resident of Atherton: West of Alameda

on Sep 24, 2017 at 7:14 pm

Due to repeated violations of our Terms of Use, comments from this poster are automatically removed. Why?


Sorry, but further commenting on this topic has been closed.

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