Menlo Park: Stanford study on 'design thinking' shows how it benefits students

Hillview students took part in the 2014 research

Kiah tests her aquaduct in a courtyard at Hillview Middle School in Menlo Park on May 23. In 2014, Hillview students participated in a Stanford University study on design thinking and how it can benefit students. Photo by Magali Gauthier/The Almanac

Using "design thinking" strategies in the classroom could help lower-achieving students learn better when they're older, according to a recent Stanford University study conducted with Hillview Middle School students.

Stanford Graduate School of Education researchers worked with about 200 sixth graders at the Menlo Park school to study how design thinking techniques -- project-based, hands-on, multidisciplinary ways of solving problems -- impact students' learning abilities. The study, published in the Journal of Learning Sciences on April 15, followed the students during a five-week period in 2014.

The Stanford Institute of Design describes design thinking as combining "creative and analytical approaches, and requires collaboration across disciplines." Design thinking often goes along with project-based learning, in which students study many different subject areas by learning about a broad-based subject.

In the study, students were introduced to two types of design thinking strategies. The first was to ask for constructive criticism and the second was to test multiple different answers to a single problem. Students completed different project-based tasks, such as designing a poster for an activity booth, and improved their projects in further iterations after receiving feedback on what they could improve. Students also completed a photography exercise on a computer in which they could adjust a camera's position and settings and click on a resources tab to look at animated explanations of different camera settings.

"We were pleased to see students spontaneously use the strategies that were taught as part of classroom instruction, in a new situation where there was no guidance to use the strategies," study authors Doris Chin and Kristin Blair said in an email. "We hoped this would be the case, but it is also frequently true (to a surprising degree!) that learners do not recognize when a strategy they learned in one situation would be useful in another. What was really surprising was that the benefits were greatest for the lower achieving students."

Researchers predicted that the highest achieving students would be less likely to seek constructive criticism or try multiple alternatives because they would just want to be right. This wasn't the case.

"The key move in our work is the development of a new kind of assessment that evaluates the choices that students make while learning," the researchers said. "For instance, we developed a game for younger children that sees if they choose to persist in the face of failure."

Menlo Park City School District Superintendent Erik Burmeister, who was Hillview's principal when the research was conducted, said in a May 8 newsletter that "the study reinforces the district's belief that providing the best possible education to all students helps everyone achieve to their potential."

The district, along with nearby schools that feed into the Sequoia Union High School District, is also part of the Stanford Sequoia K-12 Research Collaborative, a research partnership to study the outcomes of students whose first language is not English.

For more on the study, go here.


Sign up for Almanac Express to get news updates. Follow us on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram. Or show your support for local journalism by subscribing.

What is democracy worth to you?
Support local journalism.


Sorry, but further commenting on this topic has been closed.

All your news. All in one place. Every day.

Squid ink paella & patatas bravas: Barcelona natives bring Spanish tapas to Palo Alto
By Elena Kadvany | 1 comment | 3,493 views

Lights Out! Foods to Snuggle With in the Dark
By Laura Stec | 0 comments | 1,957 views

What to do with all those cardboard boxes
By Cheryl Bac | 2 comments | 1,934 views

Premarital and Couples: The "Right" Way to Eat an Artichoke
By Chandrama Anderson | 1 comment | 1,365 views

What did you learn last week?
By Sherry Listgarten | 3 comments | 799 views


Race Results Are In

Thank you for joining us at the 35th annual Moonlight Run & Walk! All proceeds benefit the Palo Alto Weekly Holiday fund, supporting local nonprofits serving children and families.

Click for Race Results