A new report from the Bay Area Equity Atlas shows that several Bay Area neighborhoods are highly segregated by race and wealth, with census tracks in Portola Valley, Woodside, Atherton and Menlo Park on the top 20 list of the most segregated neighborhoods by white wealth.
The report is based on an analysis of U.S. Census data that digs down to the census track level and compares population numbers by race and income. The Bay Area Equity Atlas is a partnership between the San Francisco Foundation, PolicyLink and the Equity Research Institute at the University of Southern California.
"A look at the demographics of these neighborhoods of concentrated white wealth reveals the extent to which low-income Black, Latinx, and AAPI households are excluded from wealthy white enclaves compared with their white counterparts," the report says. "Neighborhoods in Belvedere and Woodside top the list of the 20 most segregated neighborhoods in terms of white wealth."
The report compares the number of low-income white households in wealthy neighborhoods to low-income Black, Latino or Asian and Pacific Islander households.
"In these two areas, there are no Black or Latinx households with incomes under $45,000 and just a handful of low-income AAPI households, yet there are more than 100 low-income white households in each census tract, casting doubt on explanations of purely income-based segregation," the report said about Belvedere and Woodside. "For low-income AAPI households, only one neighborhood, in Atherton, has more than 50 households. Meanwhile, neighborhoods in Portola Valley, Mill Valley, and Orinda have more than 200 lower-income white households."
Five of the Bay Area's 1,572 census tracts are identified in the report as areas of "highly segregated" for low-income Latino households.
These neighborhoods were in Marin, Alameda, Contra Costa and San Mateo Counties.
The region's most segregated Latino neighborhood is in San Rafael's Canal Area, according to the report which was posted July 27 on the Bay Area Equity Atlas website at bayareaequityatlas.org.
According to the report, "Over 700 low-income Latinx households live in the Canal Area, compared with roughly 100 low-income white households and just a handful of high-income white households. Yet less than 10 low-income Black households reside in the Canal Area."
The other highly segregated Latino neighborhoods identified in the report are located in East Oakland, South Concord near Four Points, North Fair Oaks in San Mateo County and in Richmond.
"The neighborhoods that rank highest on Black-white segregation also tend to rank relatively high on Latinx-white segregation," according to the report.
A full version of the report can be found here.