"Mark was my close and irreplaceable friend, and trusted colleague. Oracle has lost a brilliant and beloved leader who personally touched the lives of so many of us during his decade at Oracle," Ellison said.
Hurd was born on Jan. 1, 1957, in New York City. He grew up on Manhattan's Upper East Side and attended The Browning School, an all-boys college preparatory school. The family moved to Miami, Florida, where he attended Archbishop Curley-Notre Dame High School, according to his company biography.
Hurd began his business career in 1980 as a junior salesman at the National Cash Register Corporation in San Antonio, Texas, which made ATMs and cash registers. In 1988, he moved to Dayton, Ohio on a temporary assignment and quickly rose through the ranks. He became the company president in 2001 and was promoted to CEO in 2003, according to his biography.
Hewlett-Packard took notice of his leadership skills and recruited him in 2005 as its CEO. At HP, Hurd saw the company's revenue rise 63% and its stock price double. HP became the top desktop- and laptop-computer seller under his tenure and increased its market share in 2008 in inkjet and laser printers to 46% and 50.5%, respectively, according to Fortune Magazine. He was also known for aggressive cost-cutting, laying off 15,200 workers, or 10%, shortly after his arrival. Hurd slashed other areas of the workforce and reduced the company's number of software applications, according to Fortune.
Fortune named him one of its "Most Powerful People in Business" in 2007 and the San Francisco Chronicle recognized Hurd as "CEO of the Year" in 2008. In addition, Hurd was listed as one of Forbes' "Top Gun CEOs" in 2009.
But Hurd's tenure at HP was also marred by scandal after claims of sexual harassment by a female contractor. An internal investigation concluded that Hurd didn't violate HP's sexual harassment policy, but the company found that he submitted inaccurate expense reports, according to news reports, including from Reuters and the Wall Street Journal. He resigned from HP on Aug. 6, 2010.
Hurd was not unemployed for long, however. Oracle Corporation's then-CEO Larry Ellison tapped him one month later as co-president, sharing the position with Safra Catz. Ellison also appointed him to the board of directors, according to Hurd's biography. As president, Hurd reshaped the company's sales force to create more than 4,000 salesperson-specialists, who focused on a single product, according to his company biography.
In 2014, Hurd and Catz shared the role of CEO after Ellison became chief technology officer. Hurd headed sales, marketing and services; Catz ran finance, operations and legal. The arrangement proved successful for the corporation: Oracle's stock rose to a high of $51 in 2017, according to his biography.
Hurd was visionary on cloud computing, which he predicted would be the future of data storage. Under his leadership, Oracle's cloud-storage products became a dominant force in the industry, competing against industry giants such as Amazon and Microsoft and attracting clients such as AT&T, Bank of America, and Australian airline Qantas. He also engaged in acquisitions, purchasing NetSuite, the "very first cloud company," for approximately $9.3 billion. He oversaw other purchases that strengthened the company's position in providing cloud computing, according to his biography.
He also co-authored a book in 2004, "The Value Factor: How Global Leaders Use Information for Growth and Competitive Advantage," with former National Cash Register Corporation CEO Lars Nyberg to share their views on the impact of information access for businesses.
Last month, Hurd announced he would go on leave for unspecified health reasons. He is survived by his wife of 29 years, Paula, and two daughters, Kathryn and Kelly, according to his online biography.
He remained a lifelong donor to his alma mater, Baylor University, including becoming vice chairman of its Board of Regents. He and his wife supported the national championship tennis program at Baylor, and they gave a financial gift to launch the public phase of a $1.1 billion philanthropic campaign for the university's future growth.
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